Tuesday, December 06, 2005

The Anasazi

here's a report I did on the Anasazi Indians, tell me if you like it.

THE ANASAZI INDIANs
“The Ancient Ones” or “The Ancient Enemies”

The Anasazi culture had its beginnings almost two thousand years ago. Their fate is one of the greatest mysteries in history because they did not have a written language that archaeologists know of. They migrated many times for almost entirely unknown reasons, and, the entire culture disappeared without a trace.

The Anasazi culture’s immediate ancestral race was an ancient people famous for its intricate hand made baskets. They lived in Chaco Canyon in what is now the Four Corners region, an area in the United States where the edges of the four states, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah meet. Originally they built cities on the tops of Mesas, but whether war or drought forced them to abandon their homes and move to the steep cliffs that form the walls of the Mesas is unknown. Tree rings show that at the times of most of the Anasazi’s migrations there were severe droughts, lasting from a season to a half-century, these extended droughts may have been one of, or the reason that the Anasazi left, it is still a bit a mystery, because there is no written record of events. When the Anasazi left their Mesa top palaces they built equally magnificent structures in the cliff walls of the mesas, reaching more than five stories in height, some with as many as six hundred rooms.

The next migration they made is thought to have been because of a decade of drought, some of the Anasazi moved away from Chaco Canyon but others stayed in their cliff dwellings. Those who left may have joined other tribes such as the Navajo, and Apache. The cause of the Anasazi’s last migration is uncertain, whether they left because of famine, disease, war, or any combination of the three is still uncertain. One observation archaeologists have made is that they burned all of their Kivas, their holy meeting places probably used in religious practices, as if they knew they would never return, and they didn’t want anyone else using their sacred rooms. What we do know is that they disappeared without a trace, leaving no written records, no tribes that inherited their spiritual practices, almost nothing of their culture survives, except of course their cliff homes.

The Anasazi’s spiritual beliefs, rituals, and most of their religion disappeared with them, but there are some small details about it that are still in existence in and around their homes allowing theories to be constructed. One suggests that the Anasazi’s religion was based on the beliefs of other indian tribes in the area, though that theory does not explain the Kivas. The Kivas may have bee the center of the Anasazi religion. One piece of evidence, found near the that does exist about their religion is that they were ruled by their priests, and that after they finished the rituals or prayers they used the Anasazi would climb out of the Kiva by way of a ladder through the roof, the climb out of the Kiva symbolized the original ascension of humans when they emerged from the underworld by rising through the earth. Most of the Anasazi’s religion is lost but little pieces that are found now and then by Archaeologists and Historians help piece together more and more of the Anasazi’s strange past.

The Anasazi culture both shaped the world they lived in and accepted what the earth gave them, on one hand they built dwellings of stone and adobe and they made lengthy roads, but on the other they they were hunters and gatherers more than they were farmers, they did not develop a huge range of agriculture, only maize and a few other grains. but instead ate many other things including game that the men hunted, roots, nuts, berries, cactus seeds, fruits, and wild honey. They originally made baskets of woven plant fibers encircled with intricate patterns, but later they took up pottery with the same intricacy and beauty. They traded their baskets and their pottery but their main trade was in turquoise. They had huge workshops where fine, turquoise encrusted products were produced and traded for food, clothes or perhaps weapons.

The language the Anasazi spoke seems to be completely lost, it is a dead language. So much of the Anasazi culture is lost that even the name they gave themselves is lost, “Anasazi” is simply the name the Navajo Indians gave them, it means: “the ancient ones” or “the ancient enemies”. The Anasazi’s military position, whether they were peaceful or warlike, is unclear as some sources say that the Anasazi were brutal, warlike, and that they devoured their enemies after battle; others say that they lived almost completely peacefully and only built the cliff cities for protection from the elements and other more dangerous tribes that wished them harm.

Archeologists and Historians are hopeful that the Anasazi mystery will be pieced together, but until then their fate remains one of histories greatest mysteries.

26 Comments:

Blogger papa said...

Great report Jacob, good work.

As it turns out, the Anasazi were hiding in your room, over here stateside. It just hadn't been cleaned in a long time.

1:37 PM  
Anonymous gracie the fabulous said...

CRACKING!
interesting report!
i just wrote one on Benjamin franklin and schizophrenia.( separately). please tell me you didn't retype that into your blog... that would take up a lot of time better spent doing *other* things.lol:-) i miss you uber Much. your radical, and posh and most of all....
TOTALLY TUBULAR!

9:52 PM  
Blogger J.P. said...

I wondered why there were campfires in my closet every once in a while... I never cleaned it anyway so it's not really that surprising.

That's a lot of writing. Thankfully I was able to use my computer when I wrote it so that was nice. How long are the reports you wrote? No I didn't retype it into my blog I used my favorite tool ever copy and paste.
I can't wait until Christmas. I miss you too. (^_^)

1:00 AM  
Blogger crazyjaneski said...

Nice work, monkey.

7:06 AM  
Anonymous NANA said...

KOOL, YOU RULE!

7:19 AM  
Blogger J.P. said...

Thanks.

6:32 AM  
Anonymous gracie the fabulous said...

o ya, copy and paste is my life motto!( or is it "why do i care?" lol) they were pretty long, my reports that is. i did and oral on schizo 2day, and my compliments were like ...." great! u should be a pastor!" hehehehehehehe.
(^_^) misa u tooa!

8:54 PM  
Blogger J.P. said...

Where are you in American history at the moment? I hated doing the African oral report, because everything I wrote just added up to a couple minutes(and I was really nervous and rushed through it). Lol.
Only eight days until I fly out there! (>,<) (^_^)

2:24 AM  
Blogger karen gsteiger said...

Excellent work. Much better than most college freshmen papers...BELIEVE ME.

7:04 AM  
Blogger J.P. said...

Thank you.

1:54 AM  
Anonymous gracie the fabulous said...

we actually just finished our anatotmy block( i got a 99%on my block test , highest in the class! mildly suprising) im happy! i guess u'd just say were just before the civil war( btw, im reading gone w/ the wind, mucho good book!).
i had my 1st show today where i played "baby mouse" COMPLETE w/ grey + pink micky mouse ears and a gray spandx unitard!( the whole class came {*pressure*}).
your African oral report was fabuloso and you know it!:-) 6 DAYS LEFT! i cant wait!
miss you soooo much !

6:54 PM  
Blogger J.P. said...

did you get to dissect Mrs. Glaze(or really did anyone dissect anything?)? I'm at about the part in U.S. history at which the British colonies are starting to revolt against Britain, right after Britain defeated France in a war over a strategic piece of land and almost drove them out of America. Pretty exciting, no?
LOL. My African thing was terrible, I was too nervous, and my report was too short, I should have put in vveerryy long words and spoken in a slow, emotionless monotone that would have made it seem like it took forever.
5 days now, I can't wait. It'll be awesome to see you again.

1:23 AM  
Anonymous GRAASSIE said...

you are here 2day! woot woot!
cant wait 2 c u!
love ya lots,

6:04 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi Jacob!

I'm a 53r old Irish mother and I'm too tired to read your website in full tonight, but I admire you for setting up your website - which I found whilst looking up Brendan Kennelly, the Irish poet. What is the connection between you and him, I wonder?


Kind regards,
Iseult, from Dublin.

6:49 PM  
Blogger J.P. said...

Thank you, it's nice to have some new readers. Now I should probably update more.

8:13 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I happen to know this one Anasazi dude, and he told me that most of them died of pure obesity from devouring thier fatty enemies after battle. This one dude is still alive only because he was a vegetarian.

3:10 PM  
Blogger J.P. said...

...ok....

12:16 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

hhehehe your blog in trests a motly( meaning: great variety, varied) crew, doesnnn't it?
i totally agree with th person who saidtha the anazi got fat and died. but thanks to a little knows fact, the real reason was that tey didn't get enough exercise.their main activity was cheese wheel rolling deuls. those poor unfortunate souls actually doing the cheese wheeling would inevitably end up in some ones mouth, as many spectators had difficulty discerning which was the cheese and whicch was the contestant.eventulally, some greek guy thot up poisining his cheese whwwl, and letting himself lose( hark, the origin ooof schuicide bombers!)lol. the entire race died within three phases of the moon.


and you heard it here first!
take a guess a t my identity! hehehe

11:17 PM  
Anonymous GRAASSIE said...

sorry that was me, i felt crazy and am v tired. !miss you already! you should post a blog about all the fantabulous things you did while visiting the sunshine( or is it the golden)state!
haha i have funny pictures.... miss you

11:19 PM  
Anonymous gracie the fabulous said...

hello deeeeeeeeear!
hope you're fabulous!

6:31 PM  
Blogger J.P. said...

Cheese huh? Cheese is good...

3:19 AM  
Blogger J.P. said...

extremely fabulous, and you?

1:31 PM  
Anonymous gracie the fabulous said...

teeeeeerific!



how goes the cold world of prague?


6:28 PM  
Blogger J.P. said...

It's insanely cold over here, and there isn't even any snow to make up for it. There's only X snow that has been turned into large blocks of ice by the cold. In other words: I am sooo jealous of the California weather right now.

2:50 AM  
Anonymous gracie the fabulous said...

hehehhehehe
you freeze while i bask in the sun...

2:00 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Good work on Anasazi report. I'm writing a fiction book on them and appreciate your last line..."that the mystery will be pieced together, but until then their fate remains one of histories greatest mysteries."
It is upon that great mystery that I have taken the liberty to draw my own conclusion about what happened to them and who discovers this. A novel you might enjoy someday.

1:01 PM  

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